What is "Price Shading" on trading platforms?

[Not my post] The Structure of Forex Brokers

Originally posted by Darkstar at Forex Factory.
Disclaimer: I did not write this. I found this post on ForexFactory written by a user called DarkStar, which I believe a lot of redditors will benefit from reading.
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There has been much discussion of late regarding borker spreads and liquidity. Many assumptions are being made about why spreads are widened during news time that are built on an incomplete knowledge of the architecture of the forex market in general. The purpose of this article is to dissect the market and hopefully shed some light on the situation so that a more rational and productive discussion can be undertaken by the Forex Factory members.
We will begin with an explanation of the purpose of the Forex market and how it is utilized by its primary participants, expand into the structure and operation of the market, and conclude with the implications of this information for speculators. With that having been said, let us begin.
Unlike the various bond and equity markets, the Forex market is not generally utilized as an investment medium. While speculation has a critical role in its proper function, the lion’s share of Forex transactions are done as a function of international business.
The guy who buys a shiny new Eclipse more then likely will pay for it with US Dollars. Unfortunately Mitsubishi’s factory workers in Japan need to get their paychecks denominated in Yen, so at some point a conversion needs to be made. When one considers that companies like Exxon, Boeing, Sony, Dell, Honda, and thousands of other international businesses move nearly every dollar, real, yen, rubble, pound, and euro they make in a foreign country through the Forex market, it isn’t hard to understand how insignificant the speculative presence is; even in a $2tril per day market.
By and large, businesses don’t much care about the intricacies of exchange rates, they just want to make and sell their products. As a central repository of a company’s money, it was only natural that the banks would be the facilitators of these transactions. In the old days it was easy enough for a bank to call a foreign bank (or a foreign branch of ones own bank) and swap the stockpiles of currency each had accumulated from their many customers.
Just as any business would, the banks bought the foreign currency at one rate and marked it up before selling it to the customer. With that the foreign exchange spread was born. This was (and still is) a reasonable cost of doing business. Mitsubishi can pay its customers and the banks make a nice little profit for the hassle and risks associated with moving around the currency.
As a byproduct of transacting all this business, bank traders developed the ability to speculate on the future of currency rates. Utilizing a better understanding of the market, a bank could quote a business a spread on the current rate but hold off hedging until a better one came along. This process allowed the banks to expand their net income dramatically. The unfortunate consequence was that liquidity was redistributed in a way that made certain transactions impossible to complete.
It was for this reason and this reason alone that the market was eventually opened up to non-bank participants. The banks wanted more orders in the market so that a) they could profit from the less experienced participants, and b) the less experienced participants could provide a better liquidity distribution for execution of international business hedge orders. Initially only megacap hedge funds (such as Soros’s and others) were permitted, but it has since grown to include the retail brokerages and ECNs.

Market Structure:
Now that we have established why the market exists, let’s take a look at how the transactions are facilitated:
The top tier of the Forex market is transacted on what is collectively known as the Interbank. Contrary to popular belief the Interbank is not an exchange; it is a collection of communication agreements between the world’s largest money center banks.
To understand the structure of the Interbank market, it may be easier to grasp by way of analogy. Consider that in an office (or maybe even someone’s home) there are multiple computers connected via a network cable. Each computer operates independently of the others until it needs a resource that another computer possesses. At that point it will contact the other computer and request access to the necessary resource. If the computer is working properly and its owner has given the requestor authorization to do so, the resource can be accessed and the initiating computers request can be fulfilled. By substituting computers for banks and resources for currency, you can easily grasp the relationships that exist on the Interbank.
Anyone who has ever tried to find resources on a computer network without a server can appreciate how difficult it can be to keep track of who has what resources. The same issue exists on the Interbank market with regard to prices and currency inventory. A bank in Singapore may only rarely transact business with a company that needs to exchange some Brazilian Real and it can be very difficult to establish what a proper exchange rate should be. It is for this purpose that EBS and Reuters (hereafter EBS) established their services.
Layered on top (in a manner of speaking) of the Interbank communication links, the EBS service enables banks to see how much and at what prices all the Interbank members are willing to transact. Pains should be taken to express that EBS is not a market or a market maker; it is an application used to see bids and offers from the various banks.
The second tier of the market exists essential within each bank. By calling your local Bank of America branch you can exchange any foreign currency you would like. More then likely they will just move some excess currency from one branch to another. Since this is a micro-exchange with a single counterparty, you are basically at their mercy as to what exchange rate they will quote you. Your choice is to accept their offer or shop a different bank. Everyone who trades the forex market should visit their bank at least once to get a few quotes. It would be very enlightening to see how lucrative these transactions really are.
Branching off of this second tier is the third tier retail market. When brokers like Oanda, Forex.com, FXCM, etc. desire to establish a retail operation the first thing they need is a liquidity provider. Nine in ten of these brokers will sign an agreement with just one bank. This bank will agree to provide liquidity if and only if they can hedge it on EBS inclusive of their desired spread. Because the volume will be significantly higher a single bank patron will transact, the spreads will be much more competitive. By no means should it be expected these tier 3 providers will be quoted precisely what exists on the Interbank. Remember the bank is in the business of collecting spreads and no agreement is going to suspend that priority.
Retail forex is almost akin to running a casino. The majority of its participants have zero understanding how to trade effectively and as a result are consistent losers. The spread system combined with a standard probability distribution of returns gives the broker a built in house advantage of a few percentage points. As a result, they have all built internal order matching systems that play one loser off against a winner and collect the spread. On the occasions when disequilibrium exists within the internal order book, the broker hedges any exposure with their tier 2 liquidity provider.
As bad as this may sound, there are some significant advantages for speculators that deal with them. Because it is an internal order book, many features can be provided which are otherwise unavailable through other means. Non-standard contract sizes, high leverage on tiny account balances, and the ability to transact in a commission free environment are just a few of them…
An ECN operates similar to a Tier 2 bank, but still exists on the third tier. An ECN will generally establish agreements with several tier 2 banks for liquidity. However instead of matching orders internally, it will just pass through the quotes from the banks, as is, to be traded on. It’s sort of an EBS for little guys. There are many advantages to the model, but it is still not the Interbank. The banks are going to make their spread or their not go to waste their time. Depending on the bank this will take the form of price shading or widened spreads depending on market conditions. The ECN, for its trouble, collects a commission on each transaction.
Aside from the commission factor, there are some other disadvantages a speculator should consider before making the leap to an ECN. Most offer much lower leverage and only allow full lot transactions. During certain market conditions, the banks may also pull their liquidity leaving traders without an opportunity to enter or exit positions at their desired price.

Trade Mechanics:
It is convenient to believe that in a $2tril per day market there is always enough liquidity to do what needs to be done. Unfortunately belief does not negate the reality that for every buyer there MUST be a seller or no transaction can occur. When an order is too large to transact at the current price, the price moves to the point where open interest is abundant enough to cover it. Every time you see price move a single pip, it means that an order was executed that consumed (or otherwise removed) the open interest at the current price. There is no other way that prices can move.
As we covered earlier, each bank lists on EBS how much and at what price they are willing to transact a currency. It is important to note that no Interbank participant is under any obligation to make a transaction if they do not feel it is in their best interest. There are no “market makers” on the Interbank; only speculators and hedgers.
Looking at an ECN platform or Level II data on the stock market, one can get a feel for what the orders on EBS look like. The following is a sample representation:
You’ll notice that there is open interest (Level II Vol figures) of various sizes at different price points. Each one of those units represents existing limit orders and in this example, each unit is $1mil in currency.
Using this information, if a market sell order was placed for 38.4mil, the spread would instantly widen from 2.5 pips to 4.5 pips because there would no longer be any orders between 1.56300 and 1.56345. No broker, market maker, bank, or thief in the night widened the spread; it was the natural byproduct of the order that was placed. If no additional orders entered the market, the spread would remain this large forever. Fortunately, someone somewhere will deem a price point between those 2 figures an appropriate opportunity to do something and place an order. That order will either consume more interest or add to it, depending whether it is a market or limit order respectively.
What would have happened if someone placed a market sell order for 2mil just 1 millisecond after that 38.4 mil order hit? They would have been filled at 1.5630 Why were they “slipped”? Because there was no one to take the other side of the transaction at 1.56320 any longer. Again, nobody was out screwing the trader; it was the natural byproduct of the order flow.
A more interesting question is, what would happen if all the listed orders where suddenly canceled? The spread would widen to a point at which there were existing bids and offers. That may be 5,7,9, or even 100 pips; it is going to widen to whatever the difference between a bid and an offer are. Notice that nobody came in and “set” the spread, they just refused to transact at anything between it.
Nothing can be done to force orders into existence that don’t exist. Regardless what market is being examined or what broker is facilitating transactions, it is impossible to avoid spreads and slippage. They are a fact of life in the realm of trading.

Implications for speculators:
Trading has been characterized as a zero sum game, and rightly so. If trader A sells a security to trader B and the price goes up, trader A lost money that they otherwise could have made. If it goes down, Trader A made money from trader B’s mistake. Even in a huge market like the Forex, each transaction must have a buyer and a seller to make a trade and one of them is going to lose. In the general realm of trading, this is materially irrelevant to each participant. But there are certain situations where it becomes of significant importance. One of those situations is a news event.
Much has been made of late about how it is immoral, illegal, or downright evil for a broker, bank, or other liquidity provider to withdraw their order (increasing the spread) and slip orders (as though it was a conscious decision on their part to do so) more then normal during these events. These things occur for very specific reasons which have nothing to do with screwing anyone. Let us examine why:
Leading up to an economic report for example, certain traders will enter into positions expecting the news to go a certain way. As the event becomes immanent, the banks on the Interbank will remove their speculative orders for fear of taking unnecessary losses. Technical traders will pull their orders as well since it is common practice for them to avoid the news. Hedge funds and other macro traders are either already positioned or waiting until after the news hits to make decisions dependent on the result.
Knowing what we now know, where is the liquidity necessary to maintain a tight spread coming from?
Moving down the food chain to Tier 2; a bank will only provide liquidity to an ECN or retail broker if they can instantly hedge (plus their requisite spread) the positions on Interbank. If the Interbank spreads are widening due to lower liquidity, the bank is going to have to widen the spreads on the downstream players as well.
At tier 3 the ECN’s are simply passing the banks offers on, so spreads widen up to their customers. The retailers that guarantee spreads of 2 to 5 pips have just opened a gaping hole in their risk profile since they can no longer hedge their net exposure (ever wonder why they always seem to shut down or requote until its over?). The variable spread retailers in turn open up their spreads to match what is happening at the bank or they run into the same problems fixed spreads broker are dealing with.
Now think about this situation for a second. What is going to happen when a number misses expectations? How many traders going into the event with positions chose wrong and need to get out ASAP? How many hedge funds are going to instantly drop their macro orders? How many retail traders’ straddle orders just executed? How many of them were waiting to hear a miss and executed market orders?
With the technical traders on the sidelines, who is going to be stupid enough to take the other side of all these orders?
The answer is no one. Between 1 and 5 seconds after the news hits it is a purely a 1 way market. That big long pin bar that occurs is a grand total of 2 prices; the one before the news hit and the one after. The 10, 20, or 30 pips between them is called a gap.
Is it any wonder that slippage is in evidence at this time?

Conclusions:
Each tier of the Forex market has its own inherent advantages and disadvantages. Depending on your priorities you have to make a choice between what restrictions you can live with and those you cant. Unfortunately, you can’t always get what you want.
By focusing on slippage and spreads, which are the natural byproduct of order flow, one is not only pursuing a futile ideal, they are passing up an enormous opportunity to capitalize on true inefficiencies. News events are one of the few times where a large number of players are positioned inappropriately and it is fairly easy to profit from their foolishness. If a trader truly wants to make the leap to the next level of profitability they should be spending their time figuring out how identify these positions and trading with the goal of capturing the price movement they inevitably will cause.
Nobody is going to make the argument that a broker is a trader’s best friend, but they still provide a valuable service and should be compensated for their efforts. By accepting a broker for what it is and learning how to work within the limitations of the relationship, traders have access to a world of opportunity that they otherwise could never dream of capturing. Let us all remember that simple truth.
submitted by Cross_Game to Forex [link] [comments]

Euro’s bounce slows as focus shifts back to economy, ECB policy

FILE PHOTO: Wads of euro banknotes are stacked in a pile at the Money Service Austria company’s headquarters in Vienna, Austria, March 3, 2016. REUTERS/Leonhard FoegerFebruary 19, 2019
By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) – The dollar held steady against its peers on Tuesday, lacking strong direction as U.S. markets were shut for a holiday the previous day, while the euro’s latest bounce slowed as the focus drifted back to the economy and European Central Bank policy.
The dollar index versus a basket of six major currencies was little changed at 96.784 after ending the previous session flat. The U.S. financial markets were closed on Monday for Presidents’ Day.
The euro was little changed at $1.1312 after edging up 0.16 percent overnight, when it pulled away from a three-month low of $1.1234.
The single currency was buoyed by improved investor sentiment as expectations increased for an easing of the U.S.-China trade conflict after both sides reported progress in talks.
The dollar, the world’s most liquid currency, has tended to perform well during bouts of investor nervousness.
“The euro’s latest bounce was not based a positive incentive specific to the currency and the market will likely return to pricing in the potential negatives. The euro will remain on a shaky footing,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities.
“There is still some way to go before potential negatives are factored into the euro ahead of the March 7 ECB meeting.”
ECB policymakers will next meet on March 7, when the bank’s staff are expected to slash growth and inflation projections as the euro zone suffers its biggest slowdown in half a decade.
The dollar was a shade lower at 110.59 yen after gaining a modest 0.15 percent overnight.
The Australian dollar was flat at $0.7129 after dipping 0.15 percent the previous day.
The immediate focus was on the minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) monetary policy meeting held at the start of the month.
Governor Philip Lowe on Feb. 6 opened the door to a possible rate cut by acknowledging growing economic risks, in a remarkable shift from its long-standing tightening bias that sent the Aussie tumbling.
Source: OANN
from MAGA First News https://magafirstnews.com/oan-newsroom/euros-bounce-slows-as-focus-shifts-back-to-economy-ecb-policy/
via IFTTT
submitted by peterboykin to TheRightPill [link] [comments]

Euro’s bounce slows as focus shifts back to economy, ECB policy

FILE PHOTO: Wads of euro banknotes are stacked in a pile at the Money Service Austria company’s headquarters in Vienna, Austria, March 3, 2016. REUTERS/Leonhard FoegerFebruary 19, 2019
By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) – The dollar held steady against its peers on Tuesday, lacking strong direction as U.S. markets were shut for a holiday the previous day, while the euro’s latest bounce slowed as the focus drifted back to the economy and European Central Bank policy.
The dollar index versus a basket of six major currencies was little changed at 96.784 after ending the previous session flat. The U.S. financial markets were closed on Monday for Presidents’ Day.
The euro was little changed at $1.1312 after edging up 0.16 percent overnight, when it pulled away from a three-month low of $1.1234.
The single currency was buoyed by improved investor sentiment as expectations increased for an easing of the U.S.-China trade conflict after both sides reported progress in talks.
The dollar, the world’s most liquid currency, has tended to perform well during bouts of investor nervousness.
“The euro’s latest bounce was not based a positive incentive specific to the currency and the market will likely return to pricing in the potential negatives. The euro will remain on a shaky footing,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities.
“There is still some way to go before potential negatives are factored into the euro ahead of the March 7 ECB meeting.”
ECB policymakers will next meet on March 7, when the bank’s staff are expected to slash growth and inflation projections as the euro zone suffers its biggest slowdown in half a decade.
The dollar was a shade lower at 110.59 yen after gaining a modest 0.15 percent overnight.
The Australian dollar was flat at $0.7129 after dipping 0.15 percent the previous day.
The immediate focus was on the minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) monetary policy meeting held at the start of the month.
Governor Philip Lowe on Feb. 6 opened the door to a possible rate cut by acknowledging growing economic risks, in a remarkable shift from its long-standing tightening bias that sent the Aussie tumbling.
Source: OANN
from MAGA First News https://magafirstnews.com/oan-newsroom/euros-bounce-slows-as-focus-shifts-back-to-economy-ecb-policy/
via IFTTT
submitted by peterboykin to MagaFirstNews [link] [comments]

Euro’s bounce slows as focus shifts back to economy, ECB policy

FILE PHOTO: Wads of euro banknotes are stacked in a pile at the Money Service Austria company’s headquarters in Vienna, Austria, March 3, 2016. REUTERS/Leonhard FoegerFebruary 19, 2019
By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) – The dollar held steady against its peers on Tuesday, lacking strong direction as U.S. markets were shut for a holiday the previous day, while the euro’s latest bounce slowed as the focus drifted back to the economy and European Central Bank policy.
The dollar index versus a basket of six major currencies was little changed at 96.784 after ending the previous session flat. The U.S. financial markets were closed on Monday for Presidents’ Day.
The euro was little changed at $1.1312 after edging up 0.16 percent overnight, when it pulled away from a three-month low of $1.1234.
The single currency was buoyed by improved investor sentiment as expectations increased for an easing of the U.S.-China trade conflict after both sides reported progress in talks.
The dollar, the world’s most liquid currency, has tended to perform well during bouts of investor nervousness.
“The euro’s latest bounce was not based a positive incentive specific to the currency and the market will likely return to pricing in the potential negatives. The euro will remain on a shaky footing,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities.
“There is still some way to go before potential negatives are factored into the euro ahead of the March 7 ECB meeting.”
ECB policymakers will next meet on March 7, when the bank’s staff are expected to slash growth and inflation projections as the euro zone suffers its biggest slowdown in half a decade.
The dollar was a shade lower at 110.59 yen after gaining a modest 0.15 percent overnight.
The Australian dollar was flat at $0.7129 after dipping 0.15 percent the previous day.
The immediate focus was on the minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) monetary policy meeting held at the start of the month.
Governor Philip Lowe on Feb. 6 opened the door to a possible rate cut by acknowledging growing economic risks, in a remarkable shift from its long-standing tightening bias that sent the Aussie tumbling.
Source: OANN
from MAGA First News https://magafirstnews.com/oan-newsroom/euros-bounce-slows-as-focus-shifts-back-to-economy-ecb-policy/
via IFTTT
submitted by peterboykin to The_NewDonald [link] [comments]

Euro’s bounce slows as focus shifts back to economy, ECB policy

FILE PHOTO: Wads of euro banknotes are stacked in a pile at the Money Service Austria company’s headquarters in Vienna, Austria, March 3, 2016. REUTERS/Leonhard FoegerFebruary 19, 2019
By Shinichi Saoshiro
TOKYO (Reuters) – The dollar held steady against its peers on Tuesday, lacking strong direction as U.S. markets were shut for a holiday the previous day, while the euro’s latest bounce slowed as the focus drifted back to the economy and European Central Bank policy.
The dollar index versus a basket of six major currencies was little changed at 96.784 after ending the previous session flat. The U.S. financial markets were closed on Monday for Presidents’ Day.
The euro was little changed at $1.1312 after edging up 0.16 percent overnight, when it pulled away from a three-month low of $1.1234.
The single currency was buoyed by improved investor sentiment as expectations increased for an easing of the U.S.-China trade conflict after both sides reported progress in talks.
The dollar, the world’s most liquid currency, has tended to perform well during bouts of investor nervousness.
“The euro’s latest bounce was not based a positive incentive specific to the currency and the market will likely return to pricing in the potential negatives. The euro will remain on a shaky footing,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities.
“There is still some way to go before potential negatives are factored into the euro ahead of the March 7 ECB meeting.”
ECB policymakers will next meet on March 7, when the bank’s staff are expected to slash growth and inflation projections as the euro zone suffers its biggest slowdown in half a decade.
The dollar was a shade lower at 110.59 yen after gaining a modest 0.15 percent overnight.
The Australian dollar was flat at $0.7129 after dipping 0.15 percent the previous day.
The immediate focus was on the minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia’s (RBA) monetary policy meeting held at the start of the month.
Governor Philip Lowe on Feb. 6 opened the door to a possible rate cut by acknowledging growing economic risks, in a remarkable shift from its long-standing tightening bias that sent the Aussie tumbling.
Source: OANN
from MAGA First News https://magafirstnews.com/oan-newsroom/euros-bounce-slows-as-focus-shifts-back-to-economy-ecb-policy/
via IFTTT
submitted by peterboykin to The_NewDonald [link] [comments]

Dollar dips after weak US data, Turkish hike supports emerging currencies

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 60%. (I'm a bot)
Emerging currencies, like the South African rand and the Mexican peso, held onto to gains having surged, as investors in emerging markets registered relief that Turkey's central bank had hiked its policy rate to 24 percent to restore confidence in the lira.
The greenback took a hit overnight after the U.S. consumer price index, the government's broadest inflation gauge, rose just 0.2 percent in August and less than the 0.3 percent projected by analysts in a Reuters poll.
The dollar's index against a basket of six major currencies was a shade lower at 94.491 after slipping 0.3 percent on Thursday, when it touched 94.428, its lowest since Aug. 31.
The euro inched up 0.05 percent to $1.1695 after gaining more than 0.5 percent overnight when it brushed a two-week high of $1.1701.
The lira surged after Turkey's central bank raised its benchmark one-week repo rate by 625 basis points to 24 percent on Thursday, in a bid to stabilize the currency, which had slumped to a record low against the dollar a month ago.
Following the lira's rally, the South African rand gained 1.3 percent against the dollar on Thursday and the Mexican peso rose 1 percent.
Summary Source | FAQ | Feedback | Top keywords: percent#1 dollar#2 currency#3 rate#4 gain#5
Post found in /worldnews.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
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Weekly Roundup

News roundup for the previous week.
In International news
  1. Popular Chinese teenage star speaks up for youth at UN Forum: Wang Yuan, UNICEF Special Advocate for Education and member of TFBoys, addressed a global audience of youth, leaders and development experts before the closing plenary of the 7th Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Youth Forum
  2. China says it welcomes investment by foreign companies as long as they respect China's sovereignty and territorial integrity
  3. Trump wants $716 Billion by 2019 to pursue "aggressive defense" against China
  4. Why Is China Buying Up Europe’s Ports? In bustling ports from Singapore to the North Sea, state-owned Chinese firms are turning the idea into a reality with a series of aggressive acquisitions that are physically redrawing the map of global trade and political influence
  5. Taiwan Social Media in Uproar, Surprised by What Expats Would do (litter, stereotype locals, with no "bad intentions")
  6. Taiwan Calls on its Firms not to Break North Korea Sanctions (after a report found a network of ships supplying petroleum products based in Taiwan)
  7. Tillerson China-bashing turns counterproductive
  8. #Venezuela Skirts U.S. Sanctions With Chinese Oil-For-Cash Loans: Oil-for-loan deals between Beijing and Caracas are preventing American sanctions from having their full effect on Venezuela’s economy, according to David Malpass, U.S. treasury under-secretary for international affairs
  9. China’s new pitch to win over #Taiwan: Our jobs are better. About 420,000 Taiwanese people, 58% of those employed off the island, worked in China as of 2015. They earn 1.2 to 1.3 times more money on average than in Taiwan
  10. Beijing has duty to make Taiwan abide by UN sanctions
  11. Chinese-funded projects totaling 53 have created 16,511 jobs for Ugandans in the first 11 months of 2017, while bilateral trade between China and #Uganda amounted to 750 million U.S. dollars during the same period
  12. China Reportedly Negotiating Creation of Military Base With #Afghanistan: “We are going to build it [the base] but the Chinese government has committed to help the division financially, provide equipment and train the Afghan soldiers,” Defense Ministry deputy spokesman said
  13. Asia University Rankings 2018 released: China and Hong Kong have five of the top 10 institutions in Asia, 12 of the top 20 and 30 of the top 100
  14. China is guest of honor at 27th Havana International Book Fair: More than 200 Chinese writers, artists and representatives from publishing houses are attending. They are offering a wide range of contemporary Chinese literature, translated into Spanish
  15. China and #Vietnam close to landmark deal on streamlined joint border checkpoint. The two countries share a 1,280km (795 mile) land border and have been discussing a “two countries, one inspection” system for several years
  16. China's spending in Central and Eastern European countries is helping clear a path toward more investment in Western Europe, one former economic adviser to the Serbian government told CNBC
  17. With Sri Lankan port acquisition, China adds another 'pearl' to its 'string'
  18. Russia and China vie to beat the US in the trillion-dollar race to control the #Arctic
  19. Lavish military parades are almost an art form in North Korea, Russia and China. Will Trump reintroduce them in Washington DC? [It's explicitly confirmed Trump wants to do it after watching France's military parade, I wonder why others "Soviet style hardware display" are being dragged in]
  20. U.S. remains committed to one-China policy, Tillerson says
  21. Russia and China challenge dollar domination Iran joining
  22. While Trump eyes Latin America with malign neglect, China sees opportunity
  23. U.S. and China reaffirm commitment to pressure North Korea
  24. Donald Trump Offers a Helping Hand to China and Russia
  25. Alibaba kicks off sponsor deal in Pyeongchang
  26. China's Su smashes indoor 60m Asian record for 2nd time in four days
  27. China’s latest move in the graveyard of empires
  28. US hits Uighur terror group to impress China
In Domestic news
  1. China to vitalise its rural areas
  2. Chinese #Eden Project to feature world's highest indoor waterfall: An artist’s impression features one large biome and a series of streams and lakes. The waterfall will plunge from 50m – the height of Niagara Falls
  3. [HD] New photos show South China Sea construction close to completion
  4. China Could Steer Self-Driving Cars
  5. China's first automated restaurant opens in Hangzhou: 24-hour a day restaurant features intelligent ordering, service notifications, self-service dining, and automatic payments
  6. Long March 2D launches platform for earthquake observation into space: The satellite is an important platform for studying the electromagnetic environment of Earth and has vital applications in research into the precursors of earthquakes
  7. China Taking the Lead in Space
  8. Face Recognition Glasses Augment China’s Railway Cops
  9. #Quantum Video Call Displays the Future of Secure Communication: Previously, we knew that the 75 minute call used Micius to send data, contained in photons, to two stations operated by China and Europe. Now, however, we know the specifics regarding how everything came together
  10. How China’s AI technology can help Twitter’s suicidal users: The system has been used on Weibo for the past nine months, identifying more than 20,000 users who expressed suicidal thoughts and sending messages to them with a hotline number and online tools to get professional help
  11. In China, these facial-recognition glasses are helping police to catch criminals
  12. China’s tough #cyber rules raise risk of infiltration, US business group says: In a report, the council said China should open access to cloud computing services, level the playing field in technology procurement and allow foreign firms to send copies of data abroad for analysis and processing
  13. China to build the country’s first heating nuclear reactor
  14. Controlling quantum interactions in a single material: breakthrough could enable ultrafast, low-power electronics and quantum computers that operate faster than current models in the areas of data acquisition, processing, and exchange. Jiangang He and Franchini served as the paper's co-first authors
  15. Citation impact helps China surge ahead in latest Asia rankings: China has 63 institutions, up from 54 last year, and a breakdown of its average scores in each metric shows that as well as citation impact, it has also made significant ground on research income and the reputation of its universities
In Economic news
  1. China to Probe U.S. Sorghum Subsidies
  2. Baidu’s plan: beat Google in self-driving cars with a totally Google-y move
  3. China to launch anti-dumping investigation into U.S. sorghum imports
  4. China’s forex new year resolution: hit illegal currency outflows hard
  5. World markets crash, except for China
  6. Trump said he’d shrink the trade deficit with China. It just hit a record high.
  7. Government policy constrains Embraer, Bombardier jet offerings for China regional airlines
  8. What happened in China business last week?
  9. Renault-Nissan and Didi plan self-driving ride service in China
  10. Global times: The idea that China has more to lose in a trade war with the US is absurd| Hu Says
  11. Daimler apologizes to China for quoting Dalai Lama: #Daimler has no intention of questioning or challenging in any manner China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Offers no support, assistance, aid or help to anyone who intentionally subverts or attempts to subvert China's sovereignty
  12. This small electric car made by GM’s Chinese joint-venture can cost just $5,600
  13. China Set To Launch Yuan-Prices Oil Futures Next Month
In Military news
  1. China’s plan to use artificial intelligence to boost the thinking skills of nuclear submarine commanders. Equipping nuclear submarines with AI would give China an upper hand in undersea battles
  2. China’s military fires up world first in revolutionary rail gun technology
  3. China conducts missile interception test: Midcourse interception is often regarded as the most difficult in the three flight phases because the incoming missile usually reaches its maximum speed and height during its flight above the atmosphere
  4. PLAAF Su-35 patrol South China Sea
  5. China Intercepts Missile in Space One Week After Failed US Attempt
  6. China plans sea-based anti-missile shields ‘for Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean’
  7. Missile defense test in pursuit of equilibrium: US has been talking recently with its list of rogue states and its portrayals of China and Russia as predatory rivals and revisionist powers challenging the rules-based order. But then the biggest lies are usually told with shows of sincerity
  8. China sends advanced fighter jets to South China Sea for first time
  9. US warns about the expanding nuclear arsenals of China, Russia, and North Korea
  10. China's military facilities in #SouthChinaSea 'almost ready': runways for the three biggest islands have been completed. Lighthouses, radar domes, hangars and buildings have been built, while helipads, wind turbines and observation and communication towers can be seen on four smaller islands
  11. Electromagnetic guns should be fitted on China's new destroyer the Type 055: Because direction energy weapons, including electromagnetic and laser guns, would consume a huge amount of energy, only warships with integrated full electronic propulsion systems could meet such energy requirements
  12. China's CH-4 drone completes first live-fire test: The tested CH-4 is an upgraded version of the model which was first produced in 2015
  13. Pentagon: China, Russia Soon Capable of Destroying U.S. #Satellites. The report concludes that "China and Russia will be capable of severely disrupting or destroying U.S. satellites in low-earth orbit" in the next several years, said the officials
  14. China Using AI to Build Nuclear #Submarine That Can 'Think for Itself': The "machine learning" process means the computer running the nuclear submarine would be able to work without any human involvement, receiving knowledge, building on its skills and developing new battle strategies
  15. China's Su-35 fighter jets, J-20 stealth jets to maintain airspace safety
Other Notables
  1. Chaoyang resident discovers suspects by unusual food delivery: Residents living in #Chaoyang District, Beijing were given the nickname of “world’s fifth largest intelligence agency”, by Chinese netizens due to their excellent intelligence-gathering ability
  2. In 2017 mainland China grew GDP by $USD 1.055 Trillion, an all time record high.
  3. Happy Lunar New Year flash mob dance
  4. Operation Red Sea - Wolf Warrior on steroids, coming out this month people.
  5. Bruce Lee Star Wars Mashup Is Amazing
  6. Jackie Chan & Arnold Schwarzenegger: Journey to China: The Mystery of Iron Mask.
  7. The Monkey King 3 Trailer #1 (w/ English Subs)
  8. China's SCS artificial island sizes (Washington DC for Scale)
  9. Oriental Dreamworks Relaunches As 100% Chinese-Owned Pearl Studio: The studio’s first release will be Everest, the previously announced Dreamworks Animation film
  10. Mercedes-Benz aggravates Chinese consumers with Instagram post quoting Dalai Lama
  11. 沒有共產黨就沒有新中國 Without the Communist Party, there would be no new China 1080pHD
  12. “Monkey King” actor from the 1986 TV series performing for the New Years Gala
  13. CCP need to put a mandate onto Chinese film industry
  14. [Traditional Instrument Music] 吹簫人去玉樓空
  15. Uncovered Chinese tomb is confirmed as belonging to eldest son of Han Dynasty emperor who was kicked out just a month into the job
  16. Why China Loves Trump
  17. China's irresistible rise
  18. What's Taiwan DPP hiding after the Earthquake? They are refusing all official help from EVERY government except Japan
  19. Discover the ancient city site of Xiongnu
  20. Han Geng publicly announces his relationship with Wolf Warriors 2 actress Celina Jade
  21. Su Bingtian 60m 6.43 New Asian Record - Dusseldorf 2018 [1080p]
  22. Nanjing and Hangzhou by 木白-文
  23. 9,000-year-old wells found in central China: Previously it was believed that wells first appeared along the Yangtze River some 6,000 to 7,000 years ago in the late Neolithic period
  24. Haval's futuristic car concept ad
  25. The Quad Jump Is Changing Figure Skating. Nathan Chen Is Leading the Way
  26. 南禅寺 Nanchan Temple was built in 782 during China’s Tang dynasty, and its Great Buddha Hall is currently China’s oldest preserved timber building extant
  27. Niagara Falls lit up in red to welcome Chinese New Year: "In celebration of the Chinese New Year, and in recognition of 2018 being designated the Canada-China Year of Tourism, we are glad to illuminate Niagara Falls in a shade of red this evening,"
  28. Jeremy Lin leads NBA's record-setting Chinese New Year celebrations
  29. A Libertarian’s Take on China’s Belt & Road Initiative
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Asian shares bounce after losses, dollar sags on weak U.S. CPI

Asian shares bounce after losses, dollar sags on weak U.S. CPI
Shinichi Saoshiro
5 Min Read
Men walk past an electronic board showing market indices outside a brokerage in Tokyo, Japan, March 2, 2016.Thomas Peter
TOKYO (Reuters) - Asian stocks bounced on Monday after three losing sessions, tracking a firmer Wall Street, while the dollar was weighed down by tensions on the Korean peninsula and weak U.S. inflation data which dampened prospects of another Federal Reserve interest rate hike later this year.
Overall reaction was subdued to Monday's Chinese data which were generally weaker than forecast, and reinforced views that the world's second-largest economy is starting to lose a bit of steam as lending costs rise and the property market cools.
MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan .MIAPJ0000PUS was up 0.7 percent. The index had fallen for three straight days previously, losing a combined 3 percent, on escalating tensions between the United States and North Korea.
Australian stocks rose 0.5 percent and South Korea's KOSPI .KS11 climbed 0.4 percent.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng .HSI was up 0.8 percent and Shanghai .SSEC added 0.2 percent.
China's factory output in July grew 6.4 percent from a year earlier, short of the 7.2 percent forecast, while fixed-asset investment expanded 8.3 percent in the first seven months against expectations for growth of 8.6 percent.
Geopolitical risks were expected to remain a key theme for the global markets in the near term, as North Korea celebrates Liberation Day on Tuesday to mark the end of Japanese rule.
Investors also braced for tensions ahead of Aug. 21, when an annual joint U.S.-South Korean military exercise is due to begin.
"Due to caution towards a further escalation in tensions over North Korea, U.S. yields and equities are expected to decline and the yen is likely keep appreciating this week," said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities in Tokyo.
Japan's Nikkei .N225 bucked the trend and fell 1 percent as a stronger yen overshadowed much better-than-expected second quarter economic growth.
The three major U.S. stocks indexes snapped three days of losses and ended higher on Friday, as investors bet on slower U.S. rate hikes following weaker-than-expected consumer price data. But gains were muted by increasingly aggressive exchanges between Washington and Pyongyang. [.N]
U.S. Treasury yields, which already declined on the North Korean concerns, fell further on Friday on the soft U.S. consumer prices data. The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield US10YT=RR touched 2.182 percent on Friday, its lowest since late June, before pulling back a little to 2.204 percent on Monday.
Friday's data showed the U.S. consumer price index edged up just 0.1 percent last month after it was unchanged in June. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast the CPI rising 0.2 percent in July.
The dollar index against a basket of six major currencies was flat at 93.076 .DXY after it slipped about 0.4 percent on Friday.
The greenback traded slightly higher at 109.370 yen JPY= after slipping to 108.720 on Friday, its weakest since April 20.
The yen tends to gain in times of geopolitical tension on expectations that Japanese investors will repatriate assets.
It also showed little reaction to second-quarter gross domestic product data which revealed that the economy expanded for a sixth straight quarter led by private consumption and capital expenditure.
While growth was faster than expected, it is not expected to nudge the Bank of Japan into dismantling its massive stimulus program any time soon, as inflation remains stubbornly weak.
The euro was 0.1 percent higher at $1.1824 EUR=.
Crude oil prices edged down after rising slightly on Friday on lower U.S. crude stocks, instability in major producer Nigeria and strong global demand growth. [O/R]
U.S. crude CLc1 was down 2 cents at $48.80 a barrel and Brent LCOc1 was 7 cents lower at $52.03 a barrel.
Gold hovered near a two-month high, benefiting from the U.S.-North Korean tensions and Friday's weak U.S. inflation data. The dollar's recent weakness was also seen to be helping gold.
Spot gold XAU= was a shade lower at $1,287.51 an ounce after reaching $1,291.86 on Friday, its highest level since June 7.
Other precious metals such as silver XAG= and platinum XPT= were also buoyant.
Reporting by Shinichi Saoshiro; Editing by Lisa Twaronite and Kim Coghill
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